利用卫星资料分析对流层臭氧柱总量分布特征及其可能的原因

Analysis of Distribution and Seasonal Change of Tropospheric Ozone Residual in Recent 20 Years Using Satellite Data

摘要点击次数: 1301  全文下载次数: 999    查看全文  查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(40318001和40575060)资助
李莹 赵春生 方圆圆 余环
北京大学物理学院大气科学系 北京100871
摘要:
      利用卫星资料计算得到的对流层臭氧柱总量数据分析了近20年来全球对流层臭氧柱总量的全球分布特征,并对我国对流层臭氧的季节变化做了研究。利用对流层污染测量仪(MOPITT)的CO 和全球臭氧监测仪(GOME)和大气制图扫描成像吸收光谱仪(SCIAMACHY)的NO2数据分析了关于对流层臭氧的分布特征及其原因。得出中高纬度地区对流层臭氧浓度存在规律的年内变化,对流层臭氧高浓度值的分布及变化与人类活动有密切关切。
关键词:卫星资料  对流层  臭氧
Abstract:
      Ozone is an important trace gas in the atmosphere. Tropospheric ozone is an essential component of photochemical smog, and it is one of the major indexes that reflect the atmosphere pollution from human activities. In the tropospheric atmosphere, there is a close relationship among the tropospheric ozone, carbon monoxide and nitrogen dioxide. And in tropospheric photochemistry, tropospheric carbon monoxide and nitrogen dioxide are important precursors of tropospheric ozone. The global and regional distribution of tropospheric ozone residual in recent 20 years and the possible reasons leading to the high tropospheric ozone residual concentration are analyzed using satellite data. These satellite data include 2002—2004 carbon monoxide data from Measurement of Pollution in the Troposphere (MOPITT) on TERRA, 1996—2002 nitrogen dioxide data from Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment (GOME) on ERS 2 launched in 1995, 2003—2005 nitrogen dioxide data from SCanning Imaging Absorption SpectroMeter for Atmospheric CHartographY (SCIAMACHY) on Envisate 1 launched in 2002, and the 1979—2000 tropospheric ozone residual data derived from Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer (TOMS). From the dat a analysis, it can be found that distribution patterns of hightropospheric ozone residual areas are related to the high carbon monoxide column and nitrogen dioxide column areas. Biomass and biofuel burning might be responsible for the peak tropospheric ozone residual centers in the tropical regions of South America and southern parts of Africa. High carbon monoxide and nitrogen dioxide emissions in big city are the main contributors to high tropospheric ozone residual in East America, East Asia and Northern parts of India. The variation of tropospheric ozone residual has an obvious correlation with the circle of sun radiation. There is a significant seasonal variation for the tropospheric ozone residual in the middle and high latitudes. The tropospheric ozone residual of north hemisphere reaches the peak in summer, the second peak appears in spring, and the value of tropospheric ozone residual is minimal in winter. The tropospheric ozone residual of southern hemisphere reaches the peak in spring and the value of tropospheric ozone residual is minimal in autumn. In China, the seasonal variation is conform to the northern hemisphere. And the areas of high tropospheric ozone residual concentration are converged in Szechwan basin and eastern seacoast of China where the total number of people is large and the industry is well developed. In the Tibetan Plateau the tropospheric ozone residual concentration is always in relative low level.
Keywords:satellite data  troposphere  ozone
李莹 赵春生 方圆圆 余环.利用卫星资料分析对流层臭氧柱总量分布特征及其可能的原因[J].应用气象学报,2007,18(2):181~186.Li Ying, Zhao Chunsheng, Fang Yuanyuan, Yu Huan.Analysis of Distribution and Seasonal Change of Tropospheric Ozone Residual in Recent 20 Years Using Satellite Data[J].Journal of Applied Meterological Science,2007,18(2):181~186

您是第2918723位访问者

主办单位:中国气象科学研究院,国家气象中心,国家卫星气象中心,国家气候中心,国家气象信息中心,中国气象局气象探测中心     单位地址:北京市海淀区中关村南大街46号 中国气象科学研究院《应用气象学报》编辑部

 服务热线:010-68407086,68408638       传真:010-68407256       邮编:100081    Email: yyqxxb@cams.cma.gov.cn, yyqxxb@163.com

    本系统由北京勤云科技发展有限公司设计