Distribution of Carbon Monoxide from MOPITT of 2000—2004 and Comparisons with Surface Measurements in Mt. Waliguan Station

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赵春生  方圆圆  汤洁  郑向东  周广强
[1]北京大学物理学院大气科学系,北京100871 [2]中国气象科学研究院,北京100081 [3]上海台风研究所,上海200030
关键词:MOPITT  CO  CMDL  瓦里关
      Carbon monoxide (CO) is one of the main pollutants produced by incomplete combustion processes, such as the burning of fossil fuels in urban and industrial areas as well as by biofuel and biomass burning. CO has long been recognized for its critical role in tropospheric chemistry. Coupled with a one to three month lifetime, the wide variety and seasonal variation of sources makes CO an excellent tracer of atmospheric motions. Surface CO measurements which have generally been limited to surface or boundary layer measurements often substantially impacted by local pollution can not provided a global synoptic view of CO on a daily basis. To better understand global CO cycles, observations from the space are necessary. The Measurements of Pollution in the Troposphere (MOPITT) instrument, funded by the Canadian Space Agency and manufactured by COM DEV of Cambridge, CO ntario, is launched onboard the NASA Earth Observing System (EOS) Terra satellite in December, 1999. MOPITT offers the first daily, global synoptic observations of CO since March 2000. The MOPITT data set contains CO total column amount, CO mixing ratios at six altitudes (850 hPa, 700 hPa, 500 hPa, 350 hPa, 250 hPa, 150 hPa) and the corresponding location and time along the track. Here Level 2, Version 3 MOPITT CO data are used which includes the latitude and longitu de of MOPITT at nadir, the corresponding CO column and six layers of CO mixing ratio. The data are aggregated and interpolated to achieve grid data with a resolution of 1°×1° at 3 day average. Distribution properties and trend of CO from MOPITT of March 2000 to May 2004 are analyzed and comparisons with CMDL/NOAA surface CO measurements in Mt. Waliguan station are made. The results show that there is a large variation for global CO distribution. On the average, CO in Northern hemisphere is higher than that in Southern hemisphere. CO peak centers are located in East Asia, West Europe and North America in Northern hemisphere while in Middle West Africa and tropic regions of South America in Southern hemisphere. There is a significant seasonal variation for CO with a peak concentration in spring time in Northern hemisphere and in Autumn in Southern hemisphere. CO concentrations are high over coast regions of China and Japan all along a year. CO at Sichuan Basin which is located in the east of Qinghai Tibet Plateau are higher than that of its surrounding regions. Trends analysis of Beijing and Mt.Waliguan suggests that CO concentrations over these two regions increase during 2000—2004. Comparisons with CMDL/NOAA surface CO measurement in Mt. Waliguan shows that the variations of these two datasets agree well and there is a significant correlation between MOPITT CO column and CMDL surface measurements. The increasing trend for CO during 2000—2004 obtained from these two datasets is at magnitude of a few thousandth.
Keywords:MOPITT  CO  CMDL  Mt.Waliguan station
赵春生,方圆圆,汤洁,郑向东,周广强.MOPITT观测的CO分布规律及与瓦里关地面观测结果的比[J].应用气象学报,2007,18(1):36~41..Distribution of Carbon Monoxide from MOPITT of 2000—2004 and Comparisons with Surface Measurements in Mt. Waliguan Station[J].Journal of Applied Meterological Science,2007,18(1):36~41



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